Biology

Learn how the human body works

Oxytocin hormone explained

Oxytocin is a hormone produced in the hypothalamus and is secreted into the bloodstream by the posterior pituitary gland and acts as a neurotransmitter. Secretion depends on electrical activity of neurons in the hypothalamus.Oxytocin has been best known for its roles in female reproduction. It is released in large amounts during labor, and after stimulation […]

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serotonin hormone and physical and mental performance

The constitution of the WHO states “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”Serotonin hormone (also known as 5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT) is made from the essential amino acid tryptophan that functions as a neurotransmitter to carry signals between nerve cells(neurons) throughout your body. Tryptophan

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Aldosterone hormone

in every 1 in 15 cases with high blood pressure, an imbalance of the hormone aldosterone may be to blame. This problem may be even more common among people with poorly controlled high blood pressure (resistant hypertension). “Among those people, up to one in five may have too much aldosterone,” says Dr. Gail Adler, chief

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somatostatin hormone explained

Somatostatin is a cyclic polypeptide hormone produced by various tissues in our body, mostly in the nervous and digestive systems. This growth hormone inhibitory hormone affects several areas of the body by hindering the secretion of other hormones. The main role of somatostatin is to prevent or hinder the production of other hormones and stop the unnatural

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thyroid, T3, T4, TSH explained

what is thyroid? The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland weighing less than one ounce that is located in front of the neck and is made up of two halves(called lobes) that lie along the windpipe (also called trachea) and are joined together by a narrow band of thyroid tissue(isthmus). it’s job is to make

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hypocretin/orexin hormone and obesity

overview we have billions of cells inside our brain. 10,000 to 20,000 cells between them produce a chemical called orexin/hypocretin. to be more precise, These cells produce two types of orexins/hypocretin, called orexin-A/hypocretin-1 and orexin-B/hypocretin-2. the reason there are two names for this substance is that it was explored by the same time by two

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